This license exists only in one direction – states cannot sue companies in this investor-state arbitration procedure. Such investor complaints are not new to international law (UNCTAD listed 514 such cases at the end of 2012, most of them from the United States, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Germany), but this broad level of parallel justice is new for transatlantic trade and transatlantic investment. Get information about Canada`s trade missions and other international trade events for Canadian businesses. However, support has decreased compared to the 2014 survey.  In contrast, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has a support rate of 44 per cent among Canadians as of February 2017.  Unlike Canada, the agreement has sparked protests in a number of European countries. Initially, it was unclear whether EU member states should ratify the agreement, given that the European Commission considered the treaty to fall within the EU`s sole competence.  However, in July 2016, it was decided to qualify CETA as a “mixed agreement” and thus to be ratified in national proceedings.  In September 2017, Belgium requested an opinion from the Court of Justice of the European Communities on the compatibility of CETA`s dispute settlement system with EUROPEAN UNION law.
The agreement can only enter into force when the ECJ has delivered its opinion or if the ECJ considers that the ECJ is incompatible with EU law.  On 30 April 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Communities issued its opinion that the investor-state dispute settlement system in the area of CETA was compatible with EU law.  The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is a free trade agreement between Canada and the European Union.    It was provisionally applied thus eliminating 98% of the duties already in force between the two parties. In the consolidated text of CETA, a long section on “intellectual property rights”, IPRs (pp. 339-375) deals entirely with copyrights, trademarks, patents, designs, trade secrets and licenses. Reference is made to the TRIPS Agreement (p. 339 f). In addition to the interests of the pharmaceutical and software industry, CETA suggests “camcording” (the article “film piracy”, art. . .